Jack Shadbolt

Carnival Time, Jack Shadbolt, 1947, 947.01.01

Jack Shadbolt, 1909 - 1998

Birth name: Jack Shadbolt

Born:  Shoeburyness, England, 04 February 1909

Died: Vancouver, British Columbia, 23 November 1998

Nationality: British, Canadian

Jack Shadbolt was a painter and draughtsman. His work reflects his travels and experiences; be it his youth in British Columbia, his studies in New York or his work overseas during World War II.

Shadbolt was born in Essex County in the village of Shoeburyness, England. In 1912 his family immigrated to Canada, settling for two years in the interior of British Columbia, and then moving to Victoria in 1914. His father was a sign painter, and the young Shadbolt often helped him with his work. His mother was a dressmaker.

He began his artistic studies at Victoria College in 1927. In 1930 he met Emily Carr, who would become a life long influence. For Shadbolt, schooling was ongoing. He studied at the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts (1931) with Charles H. Scott and Fred Varley. Later he traveled to England and took classes at the Euston Road School (1937), followed by studies in Paris at The Académie-Grande Chaumière and at the André Lhote School of Art (1938).

His gradual disillusionment with the Group of Seven combined with the arrival of World War II caused his practice to shift towards social realism. In 1942, after being unable to attain a position as a war artist, he enlisted in the army; all the while he documented his experience through sketches. After several departmental transfers he was sent to London in 1945 to work for the Canadian Army War Artists Administration, where he sorted and catalogued photographs of concentration camps. Both the ravaged city and his daily work left a strong impression on the artist.

Boats, Jack Shadbolt, ink on paper, 971.01.01

Post war, Shadbolt returned to British Columbia with his wife Doris. In 1948 they moved to New York. There Shadbolt attended classes at the Art Students' League (1948-9) as well as the "criticisms" of Hans Hofmann. His time in New York left an indelible mark on his practice; Picasso, surrealism and early Abstract Expressionism were strong influences.

Shadbolt was an influential teacher. He taught both painting and drawing at the Vancouver school of Art. In 1955 he was the first instructor at the Emma Lake workshop, Regina College, Saskatchewan.

Jack Shadbolt represented Canada in the Venice and Sao Paulo Biennials, the Carnegie International at Pittsburg and at the Brussels and Seattle World fairs. In 1972 he was appointed Officer to the Order of Canada. In 1988 the Jack and Doris Shadbolt Foundation for the Visual Arts was formed; it supports an annual awards program. To reflect the Shadbolt's lifetime of support to the arts, the Burnaby Arts Centre was renamed the The Shadbolt Centre for the Arts, in 1995.

Source: National Gallery of Canada